There are specific requirements for identifying any of these wetlands as the most important wetlands in the world. Let’s describe, first of all, what is really wetland? A wetland is a region of land that is either flooded with water indefinitely or seasonally. In nearly every area of the planet, there are wetlands. In all habitats, these lands are deemed the most biologically complex. Wetlands are the habitat for a significant variety of water and land animals. These most significant wetlands also provide many migratory birds with an important climate. There are many kinds of wetlands around the world, including swamps, bogs, marshes, and estuaries. Here is a list of the world’s most valuable wetlands.
In southern Vietnam, the Mekong Delta is the area where the Mekong River enters the sea and empties into it. It is a very fertile and green region covered with rice fields, providing nearly half of the overall agricultural production of Vietnam. Life in the Mekong Delta gradually revolves around the water, and all villages are mostly accessible by river rather than by road.
- ISIMANGALISO WETLAND PARK
ISimangaliso, which means miracle and wonder, perfectly depicts this extraordinary park on the coast of Zululand in South Africa. This park went on to become South Africa’s first World Heritage Site. An amazing diversity of unique flora and fauna is embodied in iSimangaliso Wetland Park. This park extends to a coastline of about 220 km, which includes eight interlocking ecosystems and ten unique destinations. The most diverse African wildlife and outdoor experiences imaginable are dealt with by tourists visiting iSimangaliso Wetland Park.
The city of Arles, France, is home to one of the world’s famous wetlands, known as the Camargue. The time to visit the Camargue Natural Park area is between Spring and Autumn since thousands of birds flock to the wetlands of the park during that time. During this season, bird-watchers from all over the world visit Camargue in tremendous numbers. The biggest draw is the flamingos, and many visitors visit Camargue to enjoy its natural scenery and abundant wildlife. A wide area of this park is a biosphere reserve protected by UNESCO.
- KAKADU WETLANDS
The Kakadu National Park, about half the size of Switzerland, has a number of wetlands. Located in Australia’s Northern Territory, the wetlands of the park offer one of the finest nature viewing opportunities. You will normally see saltwater and freshwater crocodiles sleeping on the shores of certain ponds, so if you’re lucky enough, you can see them swimming or floating in the river.
Billabong Yellow Water is one of the park’s best-recognized landmarks. Yellow Water is situated next to the small settlement of Cooinda and is home to crocodiles, wild horses, buffaloes, and other wildlife. Millions of migratory birds come to the billabong each year, which floods during the rainy season to enter other waterways.
- KERALA BACKWATERS
Kerala, India’s magnificent backwaters include a placid stretch of reservoirs, canals, and lagoons parallel to the Arabian Seashore. Tourists from all over the world are attracted to Kerala’s backwater areas. Freshwater from the rivers enters salt water from the Arabian Sea in the backwaters, making it a special ecosystem.
A barrage was installed near Thanneermukkom to keep salt water from the sea from infiltrating into the freshwater used for irrigation purposes. In and alongside the backwaters exist several rare species of marine life and wildlife. A once in a lifetime experience is the tranquil backwater cruises. Alappuzha, widely referred to as the ‘Venice of the East’, hosts world-famous houseboat cruises that make one soak in its finest shape in nature.